Road transport and safety agency (RTSA) is a statutory agency that ensures the safety, emphasizes on safe driving and regulates motorists behavior in Zambia. Basic rules of driving in Zambia (Highway Code) helps drivers adhere to road rules and regulations. The agency has a detailed publication called “Highway Code”, an important requirement to drive in Zambia.
Before issuance of driving license which qualifies motorists to be on the road. Everyone is required to know the Highway code published by RTSA. The Highway Code groups the 10 golden rules of driving and advice according to the type of road user and cars. What’s the Highway Code? This is basically a set of rules, guidance, advice and information for road users to follow by law.
10 Basic Rules Of Driving (Highway Code)
According RTSA, its objective is to promote road safety, safeguarding road infrastructure. Prevents accidents, damages which may be caused on the road and reduces accidents for motorists, including pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and animals. These are the most important rules of driving in Zambia. Here are the 10 golden rules of driving;
(1) KNOW THE HIGHWAY CODE VERY WELL AND PUT IT INTO PRACTICE:
The Highway Code is the road user’s bible and by keeping to the rules you will do much to keep our roads safe and more pleasant for all.
(2) CONCENTRATE ALL THE TIME ON YOUR DRIVING TO AVOID ACCIDENTS:
Complete concentration will enable you to see and take notice of every detail. It is often the smallest detail that gives the clue to what will probably happen.
(3) INTERPRET THE TRAFFIC SITUATION CORRECTLY BEFORE YOU ACT:
The idea that a good driver drives automatically is not true. The truth is that by concentrating all the time and thinking, he/she has raised driving to an art. Every driving operation and maneuver is a problem which, like every other problem, can be solved by interpreting the traffic situation.
(4) EXERCISE PATIENCE AND ‘HANG BACK’ WHEN NECESSARY:
To ‘hang back’ is to follow at a safe distance the vehicle ahead which you eventually intend to overtake when the road is clear. When in doubt, ‘hang back’.
(5) DRIVE WITH CARE AND GIVE COURTESY TO OTHER ROAD USERS:
Good driving continually calls for the making of quick and correct decisions, all of which must be carried out with care, especially when overtaking
(6) ADAPT YOUR SPEED ACCORDING TO THE ROAD AND TRAFFIC CONDITIONS AND NEVER EXCEED THE SPEED LIMIT:
It is not always safe to drive at the highest speed allowed, even though the law permits you to do so. In some cases such a speed is dangerous. Only unwise persons can drive fast enough to be dangerous.
(7) DEVELOP YOUR CAR SENSE AND REDUCE WEAR AND TEAR:
Car sense is the ability to get the best out of your car; it entails smooth and thoughtful operation of the controls with hands and feet. This can only be reached if the operations are carried out in good time. Car sense adds to your safety.
(8) USE YOUR HORN CONSIDERATELY AND GIVE PROPER SIGNALS:
Use the horn to give warning only. Use the signals given in the Highway Code. An incorrect signal is misleading and always dangerous.
(9) BE SURE YOUR CAR IS ROADWORTHY AND KNOW ITS LIMITATIONS:
Before trying to drive a strange car, get used to its controls, acceleration and braking.
(10) PERFECT YOUR ROAD CRAFT AND ACKNOWLEDGE COURTESIES SHOWN TO YOU BY OTHER ROAD USERS:
The Highway Code urges all to be courteous, but a good driver goes further and acknowledges. Being Road Smart means knowing and putting into practice the Highway Code.
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