In biology and genetic genealogy, the most recent common ancestor (MRCA), also known as the last common ancestor (LCA) or concestor, of a set of organisms is the most recent individual from which all the organisms of the set are descended.
'Mitochondrial Eve': Mother of all humans lived 200,000 years ago. Summary: The most robust statistical examination to date of our species' genetic links to "mitochondrial Eve" -- the maternal ancestor of all living humans -- confirms that she lived about 200,000 years ago.
If you trace back the DNA in the maternally inherited mitochondria within our cells, all humans have a theoretical common ancestor. This woman, known as “mitochondrial Eve”, lived between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago in southern Africa.
It is important to note that mitochondria have their own DNA that carry this particular 'Eve'/L0 genome. This more commonly termed as mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). It is thus nicknamed the 'Eve Gene' as it is an inherited gene, paying reference to the story of creation in Genesis, the first chapter of the Bible.
In human genetics, the Y-chromosomal most recent common ancestor (Y-MRCA, informally known as Y-chromosomal Adam) is the patrilineal most recent common ancestor (MRCA) from whom all currently living humans are descended.
Humans first evolved in Africa, and much of human evolution occurred on that continent. The fossils of early humans who lived between 6 and 2 million years ago come entirely from Africa. Most scientists currently recognize some 15 to 20 different species of early humans.
You inherited half of your mother's DNA, half of your father's. Because you're a woman, you didn't inherit your father's Y chromosome (females sex chromosomes are XX, males are XY). Thus, you don't have a direct access to your paternal lineage.
The piece of Eve's DNA that has been traced comes from something called the mitochondria – it's in all human cells. There is DNA inside the mitochondria, and it's this DNA that has been traced back all the way to Eve - some 150-200,000 years ago, and is of African origin (sub-Sahara), probably from Ethiopia or Kenya.
Mitochondrial Eve is a female biological ancestor of humans, aptly named the mother of all humans. It might seem very unusual or even impossible, but the DNA inside the mitochondria explains everything. There is one DNA that a human child inherits from the mother.
DNA found in Greenland has broken the record for the oldest yet discovered. The fragments of animal and plant DNA are around 800,000 years older than the mammoth DNA that previously held the record, with older sequences perhaps still to be found.
Evidence still suggests that all modern humans are descended from an African population of Homo sapiens that spread out of Africa about 60,000 years ago but also shows that they interbred quite extensively with local archaic populations as they did so (Neanderthal and Denisovan genes are found in all living non-Africa ...
A Native American man in Montana has the 'oldest' human DNA in the USA, according to news reports. The company Cellular Research Institute (CRI) Genetics, said it had traced the mitochondrial DNA of Darrell 'Dusty' Crawford back 55 generations, with an unusually high 99 percent accuracy rate.