Democracy is a model of government in which decision-making power in economic, political and social matters rests with the population. They use this power to elect their representatives and form institutions.
Right here it is worth asking how democracy is organized in the United Kingdom?
We know that this country has a particular political and governmental system, since they have a Constitutional Monarchy. This means that the monarch acquires the figure of Head of State, but at the same time they have a parliament constituted by the House of Lords, where are located those figures with honorary titles, among which are those that are inherited and those that have been granted by the monarch; then there is the House of Commons, its members are equivalent to the figure of deputies, these deputies will be chosen by the people through voting and will be the members of the House of Commons who exercise the functions of government.
The exercise of democracy will be centered on the election of representatives to the House of Commons in Parliament; for, as is well known, there are no elections where one can vote for a new monarch or perhaps elections to distribute titles of nobility. Both the monarchy and the noble titles will be mostly conditions and titles inherited from generation to generation except for those noble titles that will be granted by the monarch to those citizens who by their actions have earned them.
Having made this quick summary of the British Model Political System and System of Government, let’s move on to other considerations on how democracy is conducted in the United Kingdom.
Parliament exercises the supreme legislative power. Its three elements, which are the Queen, the House of Lords and the elective House of Commons, are apparently separate and House of Lords and the House of Commons, the latter elective, are apparently separate and constituted on different principles.
The English Parliament acquires its modern context from the XIX century as a consequence of several laws that since 1832 democratize the institutions and impose the absolute predominance of the House of Commons over the House of Lords.
The Parliament exercises the supreme legislative power. Its three elements, which are the Queen, the House of Lords and the House of Commons, the latter elective, are apparently separate and constituted according to different principles. Only on occasions of symbolic significance, such as the official opening of Parliament, when the Queen summons the Commons to appear before the House of Lords, do the three come together. However, as a lawmaking body, Parliament normally requires the agreement of each of its constituent parts. Parliament may legislate for the whole of the United Kingdom, for any of the constituent parts of the country separately, or for any combination of them. It may also legislate for the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, which are Crown dependencies and not part of the United Kingdom and have subordinate legislatures that enact laws on island affairs.
Since there are no legal constraints imposed by a written constitution, Parliament can legislate as it pleases. It can do away with entrenched conventions or make a convention into law. It can also extend its normal period of existence without consulting the electorate.
In practice, however, Parliament does not impose its supremacy in this way.
Elections: Suffrage as an exercise of democracy
For electoral purposes, the United Kingdom is divided into constituencies, each of which has one seat in the House of Commons.
To ensure fair representation, four standing constituency committees for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland conduct periodic reviews of the constituencies and recommend the apportionment of seats in the House of Commons. and recommend any redistribution of seats they deem necessary due to demographic or other changes. demographic or other causes.
- Elections are held by secret ballot.
- Each voter is entitled to cast one vote, usually in person, in a ballot box. Anyone entitled to vote by absentee ballot may cast a postal or proxy vote, but no ballot papers may be sent to addresses outside the United Kingdom.
- voting is not mandatory
- the simple majority voting system is used.
who can vote?
British subjects, as well as those of other Commonwealth countries and citizens of the republic, are eligible to vote.
Commonwealth countries and citizens of the Republic of Ireland resident in the United Kingdom are entitled to vote in elections provided they have reached the age of 18.
elections provided that they have attained the age of 18 years and are registered on the annual register of electors for the constituency and are not
and are not legally disqualified from voting in the elections.
Persons ineligible to vote in elections include members of the House of Lords, patients hospitalized under Mental Health legislation, prisoners serving sentences and all those who, within the preceding five years, have been found guilty of corrupt or illegal practices in connection with elections, the latter being a ground for nullity of an election.
Who can run for office in the house of commons?
British and other Commonwealth nationals, as well as citizens of the Republic of Ireland, may stand as candidates and be elected as Members of Parliament provided they have attained the age of 21 and are not subject to any disqualification. Among those disqualified are those who are bankrupt, bankrupt
The disqualified persons include those who are bankrupt, those sentenced to more than one year’s imprisonment, clergy of the Church of England, the Church of Scotland, the Church of Ireland and the Roman Catholic Church, peers and subjects holding certain offices listed in the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975.
The political model and the system of government of the United Kingdom is quite complex, however in this opportunity we try to explain it in the simplest possible way, so that you could observe the way in which democracy is exercised through the vote even though its political system is based on a monarchy.
VISIT TO: The centripetal forces in the UK